34 Ways to Save Time on Manual Cross-Browser Testing, Part 1: Methods 1-10
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oOne of the major hurdles that web developers, as well as app developers, face is testing their website/app across different browsers. This is also called Cross-Browser Testing. There are so many browsers and browser versions (Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Internet Explorer, Microsoft Edge, Opera, Yandex, etc.), numerous ways in which your website/app can be accessed (via desktop, smartphones, tablets, etc.) and numerous operating systems (Windows, MacOS, Linux, Android, iOS, etc.) which might be used to access your website. Ensuring that your websites UI/UX and its functionalities work without any flaws on the combination of Browsers + Browser Version + Operating Systems + Device Profiles would involve numerous man-hours for development, testing, and maintenance. Though testing might include automated cross-browser testing, you would always prefer to have a round of manual cross-browser testing before the final release.
The major pain-point with manual cross-browser testing is that testers might need to spend a significant amount of time testing different web pages, cross-browser testing web apps across different breakpoints on a growing list of complex combinations. Hence, it is recommended that one round of manual cross-browser testing is performed in the staging environment before the changes are pushed to the production environment. Since the development branch would involve changes from multiple developers, you can expect another round of cross-browser testing on these changes before they make their way to the prod/production server. Though you might be following a model for software development, there are many activities that become unplanned/ad-hoc and manual cross-browser testing is often considered one of them. The Turnaround Time (TAT) for the resolution of bugs could vary based on the synergy between teams. TAT could increase if the teams indulge in blame games and this behavior can result in an overall delay. You cannot change human tendencies, but you can definitely ensure that processes are kept in place to improve the speed at which tests are performed without compromising the Turnaround Time.